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Periyar Tiger Reserve
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Periyar Tiger Reserve
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Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Periyar Wild SanctuaryInitially protected by the Maharaja of Travancore, the Periyar wild life sanctuary covers an are of 775 square kilometers of pristine nature. A safe heaven for the wild to roam freely in a garden of Eden.

Periyar : Nature's Silent Retreat -
Cradled in mist shrouded mountains, Periyar nestles close to the dense rain forests of the High Ranges. The luxuriant vegetation, sudden gushing waterfalls & an exhilarating view of the velvet valleys below form a scenic background to the journey up the Ghats.

This tranquil hill retreat is accessible only by road. And the journey up is half the pleasure. Winding mountain roads bordered by undulating tea plantations. Flocks of tea-pickers calmly fill their bags in the clear mountain air. And the road winds on to Kumily, a tiny village near the Periyar Sanctuary.

Diverse Eco systems
The forest of Periyar are of different types. The open grasslands, the source of food for the Elephants, guars, small wild boars and deer.

The deciduous forest, well marked by majestic teak and terminalia that shed their leaves seasonally. Running along wet stream areas and sometimes lying adjacent to the tropical evergreen forest are the semi - evergreen forests. Where trees rise upto 40 meters.

The Birds & the animals
Animals Periyar National Park Periyar is home to a spectacular variety of animals and birds. The elephant population at Periyar total around 1200. And it is a common sight to see them feeding bathing and swimming in groups. Unlike their African cousins, Indian she elephants have no tusks, another herbivorous commonly sighted is the Indian Bison.
Of course you will never miss the wild boar.

Otters who are expert fishermen are a common sight along the Lake Periyar forest naturally harbours very many Predators. Tigers, Leopards and Asiatic wild dogs all co-exist in the sanctuary. Completing the picture of wild animals are the reptiles. Monitor Lizards, Python, King cobra and other smaller reptiles.

When the Periyar Lake was formed, the native tribesmen of Periyar, the Oorali & Mannan, moved deeper into the forest, away from the outskirts of modernity. And till today, they preserve their ancient tribal rites & some of them still live on trees.

Their huts are made of bamboo with thatched roofs of long stemmed 'elephant grass', supported by bamboo pole which blend well with the surrounding greenery of the pepper vine. A continuous verandah runs all around the hut to provide an airy place to spend quiet evenings. Man and nature join hands to form a quiet harmony together. Where the past is preserved for the present. And time flows by on a seamless stream.

How to Reach
Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady is about 4 km from Kumily in Idukki district, central Kerala and is well connected by road from all the major towns of Kerala.

Accessibility
By Air
Cochin International Airport : 190 Kms.
Thiruvananthapuram International Airport : 267 Kms.
Madurai: 140 Kms.

By Rail
Kottayam : 114 Kms.
Changanassery: 120 Kms.
Ernakulam : 190 Kms.
Madurai : 135 Kms.

By Road
Periyar Tiger Reserve Direct bus links to / from Thiruvananthapuram, Cochin, Kottayam, Munnar & Madurai.

Season :
June to August Monsoon
September to January Cool and pleasant
February to May Dry but excellent for viewing wild life.

The months of March and April constitute the driest part of the year, because of which the animals spend a lot of time near the lake in the Periyar Tiger Reserve. Even the tiger may be spotted approaching the waters in the Periyar Tiger Reserve. Animals may be seen from motorboats on the lake or from watchtowers set up in the Periyar Tiger Reserve.
The reserve is open all year from 7 AM to 6 PM

What to Bring :
Cotton outfits, hats, sunglasses, sunscreen lotion etc.
Warm clothing may be required during October to February. June and July are rainy months and April and May are hotter months.

Altitude:
3000 ft, above sea level.